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Sunday, 11 November 2012

Wartime Kitchen Ration Book Cooking Remembrance Sunday 11.11.12

"We will remember them" is a line from the poem For the Fallen by Laurence Binyon.  The poem's fourth verse is now used all over the world during services of remembrance, and is inscribed on many war memorials

My husband's uncle John was killed close to the end of  WW2.  
He left behind a wife and young son.

Many women found themselves widowed and grieving, often with children to bring up alone.  For others the comfort and busyness of children would have been welcomed, but many city children had been evacuated to the country.

The challenge of living on rations continued whatever your situation.  It wasn't only food that was on ration, clothing rationing began on 1 June 1941.  Everyone was allowed 66 clothing coupons a year, which more or less added up to one complete outfit a year.
Clothes bought from the shops were designed to use a little material and possible.  On a man's suit you could have only three pockets, no turn ups only three buttons with a maximum trouser length of 48cm.  On a dress for a woman there were no elastic waist bands, no fancy belts and a maximum heel height of 5cm.  

Night dress - 6 coupons
Pyjamas - 8 coupons
Man's overcoat - 16 coupons
Dress - 11 coupons
Underpants - 4 coupons
Handkerchief - 1/2 coupon

 With these restrictions the watch word for everyone was:

 'Make do and Mend'

The Ministry of Information published a pamphlet encouraging people to do whatever they could to extend the life of their clothes, from darning socks to washing nylons more carefully. This attitude went on to apply to everything.

 When knitted garments were outgrown or wore out in places, the knitting was unraveled and the yarn wound into balls, then it was knitted into a new garment.

Bed sheets that had worn thin in the middle were cut in half and then the former outer sides were sewn together to make a stronger sheet with the worn patches on the edges and so tucked under the mattress. A seam down the middle of a sheet might not be great but probably better than no sheet at all. My mother was still doing this right up until I left home in the 1970's!

Old curtains and blankets were recycled to make into new skirts and jackets. Sewing patterns were published that used the least fabric possible to make a new garment. Skirts were shorter and slimline. Fabric couldn't be wasted on a full skirt or pleats.

Fabric was cut from the tail of men's shirts to cover frayed collars. Shirt cuffs were made slightly shorter so the frayed edge could be folded up onto the inside. The opposite was done with men's trousers (pants) that had turn-ups on the bottom at the time. The turn-up was folded so that the frayed part was on the inside even though it made them slightly longer in the leg.

Time to return to Ration Book Cooking.  This is the last visit to  Farmersgirl Wartime Kitchen and I have some confessions to make.  Although I made all of these dishes and did eat them, I didn't necessarily eat them according to the menu's I published.  I also found it just too difficult to give up my coffee.  I only have two cups each day, but tea is just not a substitute, perhaps if I REALLY couldn't get any, I would just have to get on with it!

Menu Sunday 11th November

Breakfast - Toast and Jam

Lunch - Pot Roast Lamb with root vegetables and roast potatoes, Blackberry and Apple Pie

Supper -Baked Potato with left over beef stew

WW2 Rations 1940 for three people
Margarine: 255g
Cooking fat/lard: 120g lard 
Sugar:  425g 
Milk:  4 pints
Tea:  10g
Jam: 50g
Dried Eggs 3 packets  (36 eggs every four weeks)   9 eggs for one week
Sweets: 262g (3oz) per week.

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At 11 November 2012 at 09:19 , Blogger Mike said...

I remember Mum turning sheets 'sides to the middle' and also turning worn shirt collars. I always thought this was just because we didn't have much money, rather than being a hold over from the war. I suspect she only gave up when my aunt took her sewing machine back but I honestly can't remember when she stopped.

At 11 November 2012 at 10:06 , Blogger Jacqueline Meldrum said...

What an interesting post Janice. I knew about clothes rationing, but the sheet thing was new to me. It makes me realise how wasteful we are with clothes.

At 11 November 2012 at 12:31 , Blogger Karen S Booth said...

What a poignant post Janice and so very interesting too...I had heard about the sheets before, and my grandmother followed this thrifty advice for ages after the war apparently. Thanks so much for being such a good sport and joining in with me and Fiona in the Wartime Kitchen Ration Book Cooking week.....I hope that you have enjoyed it, and I have loved all of your recipes, posts, photos and notes.....Karen

At 24 June 2014 at 16:25 , Anonymous Elizabeth said...

I have enjoyed reading your blog. I have tried out some recipes from wartime cooking leaflets I was given. One of them is just potato recipes issued by the Potato Marketing Board. price 3d, another is the Stork Book of Wartime Cookery. I wasn't born until after the war although I do have a ration book in my name from that time, but I was brought up by my grandmother who never moved on from 'make do and mend' and 'waste not want not', having lived through both World Wars 1 and 11. I consider it was a huge advantage to be raised this way and although I have been as guilty as the next of buying occasional ready meals I considered that justified as a working Mum to make life easy. Now as a retiree I am happily resurrecting old recipes and pottering in the kitchen. Your blog has encouraged me to stretch my pension and hopefully will stop the weight increase that can easily come with less activity. Elizabeth.

At 24 June 2014 at 22:47 , Blogger Janice said...

Thank you, Elizabeth. It's always nice to hear that someone has enjoyed reading my blog. The Wartime posts have been very popular, the recipes created for war time rations are often very healthy and also good to eat. Have you visited my friend Karen at Lavender and Lovage? She also has lots of great recipes both from War time cookbooks and more modern ones too.

At 3 December 2014 at 18:53 , Anonymous Anonymous said...

Sides-to-middling, and turning collars, went on long before the war. There was the 1930s depression before that - and plain old thrift before that.
A huge change came after the war when materials (nylon, tricel, polycotton) came on the market that just weren't worth the bother of preserving when they wore out because replacement was cheaper.


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